End of the line for Spain's Estrella night train brand. The final service ran between Barcelona and Madrid in April 2015 (photo by Jordi Verdugo).
Another European night train has slipped from the schedules this week with the withdrawal of the Madrid to Barcelona overnight service. This was the sole remaining overnight service in the train category known as Estrella (the Spanish word for ‘star’).
Other domestic overnight trains in Spain have been progressively upgraded to Trenhotel status, but the Barca to Madrid service continued to use legacy rolling stock right up till the last night of operation. The final trains left both Barcelona and Madrid last evening, arriving at their respective destinations this morning.
With one-way tickets for as little as €20, the Estrella train from Madrid to Barcelona was a useful budget option for cost-conscious travellers who did not mind an less-than-comfy night on a train. The service had long since been abandoned by business travellers who opted instead to speed between Barcelona and Madrid in high-speed comfort on one of RENFE’s sleek AVE trains. The fastest AVE services take just 2 hrs 30 mins for the 621-km dash from Barca to the Spanish capital. The night train took nine hours.
Fifty years ago there were just six direct trains each day on the main line from Barcelona to Madrid (via Zaragoza). In those days, just two of these six trains ran by day. The luxury daytime Talgo took 8 hrs 15 mins for the journey. The only other daytime service dawdled and needed over 13 hours. It is no surprise that most passengers opted for one of the four overnight trains on the route.
With faster daytime services, demand for the night trains dwindled. By 2005 there were just two overnight services linking Barcelona and Madrid — one was a premium hotel-train with a restaurant car, the other was the Estrella service with no on-board catering. With the opening of the new high-speed line from Barcelona to Madrid in 2008, the premium overnight service was axed, leaving only the Estrella option for night owls. It is surprising that the latter survived as long as it did.
Compared with fifty years ago, passengers today are spoilt for choice when travelling between Spain’s two largest cities. On weekdays, over two dozen trains leave Barcelona Sants station for Madrid. The Trenhotel brand survives — and, indeed, does rather well on those routes where it is still on offer. Those are, in the main, journeys where there is no parallel high-speed route. These include Vigo to Barcelona, Madrid to Ferrol, Barcelona to Granada and Pontevedra to Madrid.